Shumin Zhai's Publications

Technical publications should be accessible to all. Most of the papers here are linked to a free PDF file, known as Green OA.
Papers with the ACM symbol are freely available via ACM Author-Izer service from the ACM Digital Library.
2012
Foundational Issues in Touch-Surface Stroke Gesture Design — An Integrative Review
S. Zhai, P. O. Kristensson, C. Appert, T. H. Andersen, and X. Cao
Foundations and Trends in Human–Computer Interaction Vol. 5, No. 2, 97–205, 2012
The word-gesture keyboard: reimagining keyboard interaction
Shumin Zhai, Per Ola Kristensson
Communications of the ACM, 2012
This is an invited CACM Research Highlights article summarizing the 10 year long SHARK/ShapeWriter project, with an introductory Technical Perspective "Innovative interaction: from concept to the wild" by Bill Buxton
A comparative evaluation of finger and pen stroke gestures
Huawei Tu, Xiangshi Ren, Shumin Zhai
CHI '12 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2012
An investigation of the relationship between texture and human performance in steering tasks
Minghui Sun, Xiangshi Ren, Shumin Zhai, Toshiharu Mukai
APCHI '12 Proceedings of the 10th asia pacific conference on Computer human interaction, 2012
Bimanual gesture keyboard, Xiaojun Bi, Ciprian Chelba, Tom Ouyang, Kurt Partridge, and Shumin Zhai,. In Proceedings of the 25th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology (UIST '12). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 137-146.
Touch Behavior with Different Postures on Soft Smart Phone Keyboards,Shiri Azenkot and Shumin Zhai, In Proceedings of MobileHCI (MobileHCI '12). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 251-260.
Multilingual Touchscreen Keyboard Design and Optimization
Xiaojun Bi, Barton A. Smith, Shumin Zhai.
Human-Computer Interaction, Volume 27, Issue 4, 352-382. 2012
2011
Understanding information preview in mobile email processing
Kimberly A. Weaver, Huahai Yang, Shumin Zhai, Jeff Pierce
MobileHCI '11 Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, 2011
Smart phone use by non-mobile business users
Patti Bao, Jeffrey Pierce, Stephen Whittaker, Shumin Zhai
MobileHCI '11 Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, 2011
Zhai, S., Kristensson, P.O., Gong, P., Greiner, M., Peng, S., Liu, L. Dunnigan, A.,ACM CHI 2009 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts. pp. 2667-2670.
Lee, S., Zhai, S., The performance of touch screen soft buttons. Proc. of ACM CHI 2009 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. pp. 309-318.
Appert, C., Zhai, S., Using strokes as command shortcuts: cognitive benefits and toolkit support. Proc. ACM CHI 2009 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems.pp. 2289-2298.
Yin, J., Ren, X. Zhai, S., Pen pressure control in trajectory-based interaction, Behaviour & Information Technology, 1362-3001, 14 May 2009. DOI: 10.1080/01449290902904733
Qvarfordt, P., Shumin Zhai, S., Gaze-aided human-computer and human-human dialogue, Handbook of Research on Socio-Technical Design and Social Networking Systems, eds. Whitworth B., and de Moor, A. Information Science Reference, pp. 529-543, March 2, 2009
2009
The performance of touch screen soft buttons
Seungyon Lee, Shumin Zhai
CHI '09 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2009
Using strokes as command shortcuts: cognitive benefits and toolkit support
Caroline Appert, Shumin Zhai
CHI '09 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2009
Yin, J., Ren, X. Zhai, S., Pen pressure control in trajectory-based interaction, Behaviour & Information Technology, 1362-3001, 14 May 2009. DOI: 10.1080/01449290902904733
Qvarfordt, P., Shumin Zhai, S., Gaze-aided human-computer and human-human dialogue, Handbook of Research on Socio-Technical Design and Social Networking Systems, eds. Whitworth B., and de Moor, A. Information Science Reference, pp. 529-543, March 2, 2009
2008
Interlaced QWERTY: accommodating ease of visual search and input flexibility in shape writing
Shumin Zhai, Per Ola Kristensson
CHI '08 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2008
On the ease and efficiency of human-computer interfaces
Shumin Zhai
ETRA '08 Proceedings of the 2008 symposium on Eye tracking research & applications, 2008
Improving word-recognizers using an interactive lexicon with active and passive words
Per Ola Kristensson, Shumin Zhai
IUI '08 Proceedings of the 13th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces, 2008
2007
Hard lessons: effort-inducing interfaces benefit spatial learning
Andy Cockburn, Per Ola Kristensson, Jason Alexander, Shumin Zhai
CHI '07 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2007
Command strokes with and without preview: using pen gestures on keyboard for command selection
Per Ola Kristensson, Shumin Zhai
CHI '07 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2007
Modeling human performance of pen stroke gestures
Xiang Cao, Shumin Zhai
CHI '07 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2007
Learning shape writing by game playing
Per Ola Kristensson, Shumin Zhai
CHI EA '07 CHI '07 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2007
Moran, T. P., Zhai, S. Beyond the Desktop Metaphor in Seven Dimensions, closing chapter in V. Kaptelinin and M. Czerwinski (Eds), Designing Integrated Digital Work Environments: Beyond the Desktop Metaphor.
2006
Camera phone based motion sensing: interaction techniques, applications and performance study
Jingtao Wang, Shumin Zhai, John Canny
UIST '06 Proceedings of the 19th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology, 2006
The benefits of augmenting telephone voice menu navigation with visual browsing and search
Min Yin, Shumin Zhai
CHI '06 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2006
Zhai, S. Kristensson, P.O. Introduction to Shape Writing, IBM Research ReportRJ10393 (A0611-006), November1, 2006 (also as a Chapter 7 of by I. S. MacKenzie and K. Tanaka-Ishii (eds), Text Entry Systems: Mobility, Accessibility, Universality, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, pp 139, 158)
Cao, X. Zhai, S. Modeling human performance of pen stroke gestures, IBM Research Report RJ10392 (A0611-003) November 1, 2006. (This report is a super set of Cao & Zhai CHI 2007 with additional content that could not be included within the CHI page limit).
Barton , J., Zhai, S., Cousins, S.  Phones Will Become The Primary Personal Computing Devices, IEEE 2006 Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications,  April 2006,  Semiahmoo, Washington
Barton, J., Folowosele, F., Nylander, S., Houston, M, Zhai, S. Connection Time for Strange Devices, IEEE 2006 Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications,  April 2006,  Semiahmoo, Washington.
2005
Conversing with the user based on eye-gaze patterns
Pernilla Qvarfordt, Shumin Zhai
CHI '05 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2005
Dial and see: tackling the voice menu navigation problem with cross-device user experience integration
Min Yin, Shumin Zhai
UIST '05 Proceedings of the 18th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology, 2005
Introduction to sensing-based interaction
Shumin Zhai, Victoria Bellotti
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), 2005
Relaxing stylus typing precision by geometric pattern matching
Per-Ola Kristensson, Shumin Zhai
IUI '05 Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces, 2005
Qvarfordt, P., Beymer, D., Zhai,S. RealTourist ― A Study of Augmenting Human-Human and Human-Computer Dialogue with Eye-Gaze Overlay, Proc. IFIP International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction INTERACT 2005, 12-16 September 2005, Rome, Italy: 767-780
Zhai, S., Kristensson, P-O, Smith, B.A., In search of effective text interfaces for off the desktop computing, Interacting with Computers, 17(3):229-250, 2005.

2004

SHARK2: a large vocabulary shorthand writing system for pen-based computers ACM DL Author-ize service
Per-Ola Kristensson, Shumin Zhai
UIST '04 Proceedings of the 17th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology, 2004

TNT: a numeric keypad based text input method ACM DL Author-ize service
Magnus Ingmarsson, David Dinka, Shumin Zhai
CHI '04 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2004

View size and pointing difficulty in multi-scale navigation ACM DL Author-ize service
Yves Guiard, Michel Beaudouin-Lafon, Julien Bastin, Dennis Pasveer, Shumin Zhai
AVI '04 Proceedings of the working conference on Advanced visual interfaces, 2004

Zhai, S. “Mouse”, in W. S. Bainbridge (ed), Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction, Berkshire Publishing Group, July 2004.

Zhai, S. Characterizing computer input with Fitts’ law parameters ― The information and non-information aspects of pointing. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 61(6), 791-809. December 2004.

Zhai, S., Kong, J., Ren, X., Speed-accuracy trade-off in Fitts’ law tasks — On the equivalency of actual and nominal pointing precision. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 61(6), 823-856. December 2004.

Zhai, S., Kristensson, P-O, Smith, B.A., In search of effective text interfaces for off the desktop computing, presented as a “major paper” at the Human Computer Interaction Consortium Winter Workshop, Feb. 4 – 8, 2004.

Zhai, S., Accot, J., Woltjer, R. Human Action Laws in Electronic Virtual Worlds ― An Empirical Study of Path Steering Performance in VRPresence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, Vol.13(2), 113-127.

Lee, P., Zhai, S. (2004). Top-down learning strategies: can they facilitate stylus keyboard learningInternational Journal of Human-Computer Studies, Vol. 60 (5-6), 585-598.

2003

Shorthand writing on stylus keyboard ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai, Per-Ola Kristensson
CHI '03 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2003

What's in the eyes for attentive input ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai
Communications of the ACM, 2003

High precision touch screen interaction ACM DL Author-ize service
Pär-Anders Albinsson, Shumin Zhai
CHI '03 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2003

Refining Fitts' law models for bivariate pointing ACM DL Author-ize service
Johnny Accot, Shumin Zhai
CHI '03 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2003

Human on-line response to target expansion ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai, Stéphane Conversy, Michel Beaudouin-Lafon, Yves Guiard
CHI '03 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2003

Zhai, S., Kristensson, P-O., Shorthand Writing on Stylus Keyboard, in Proceedings of CHI 2003, ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, April 5-10, 2003. pp 97-104.

Zhai, S.,  Conversy, S., Beaudouin-Lafon, M., Guiard, Y., Human On-Line Response to Target Expansion, in Proceedings of CHI 2003, ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, April 5-10, 2003. pp 177-184.  

Zhai, S, Evaluation is the worst form of HCI research except all other forms that have been tried, essay published at CHI Place, Mar 13, 2003.

Zhai, S., Woltjer, R., Human Movement Performance in Relation to Path Constraint - The Law of Steering in Locomotion,  in Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality 2003 , March 2003. pp 149-156.

Sallnas, E-L, Zhai, S. Collaboration meets Fitts’ law: passing virtual objects with and without haptic force feedback,  in Proceedings of INTERACT 2003, IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction. pp. 97-104.

Ren, X.,    Tamura,   K.,  Kong,  J.,  Zhai, S. Candidate Display Styles in Japanese Input, in Proceedings of INTERACT 2003, IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction. pp. 868-871.

2002

More than dotting the i's --- foundations for crossing-based interfaces ACM DL Author-ize service
Johnny Accot, Shumin Zhai
CHI '02 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2002

Movement model, hits distribution and learning in virtual keyboarding ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai, Alison Sue, Johnny Accot
CHI '02 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2002

Zhai, S. On the validity of Throughput as a Characteristic of Computer Input, IBM Research Report, RJ 10253, IBM Research Division. August 2002.

Zhai, S., Hunter, M., Smith, B.A., Performance Optimization of Virtual KeyboardsHuman-Computer Interaction. Vol. 17, No2&3. 2002.  pp 229-269.

2001

Chinese input with keyboard and eye-tracking: an anatomical study ACM DL Author-ize service
Jingtao Wang, Shumin Zhai, Hui Su
CHI '01 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2001

Scale effects in steering law tasks ACM DL Author-ize service
Johnny Accot, Shumin Zhai
CHI '01 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2001

Alphabetically biased virtual keyboards are easier to use: layout does matter ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai, Barton A Smith
CHI EA '01 CHI '01 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2001.

Smith, B.A., Zhai, S. Optimised Virtual Keyboards with and without Alphabetical Ordering - A Novice User Study,  in Proc. of INTERACT 2001: Eight IFIP Conference On Human-Computer Interaction, Tokyo , Japan , July 9-13, 2001. p92-99.

Fels, D.I, Waalen, J.K,  Zhai, S. Weiss, P.L., Telepresence under exceptional circumstances: enriching the connection to school for sick children, in Proc. of INTERACT 2001: Eight IFIP Conference On Human-Computer Interaction, Tokyo , Japan , July 9-13, 2001.p617-624.

Matlock, T., Campbell, C.S, Maglio, P.P., Zhai, S., Smith, Z., Designing feedback for an attentive office, in Proc. of INTERACT 2001: Eight IFIP Conference On Human-Computer Interaction, Tokyo, Japan, July 9-13, 2001. (short paper) p721-722. 

2000

The metropolis keyboard - an exploration of quantitative techniques for virtual keyboard design ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai, Michael Hunter, Barton A. Smith
UIST '00 Proceedings of the 13th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology, 2000

Physics-based graphical keyboard design ACM DL Author-ize service
Michael Hunter, Shumin Zhai, Barton A. Smith
CHI EA '00 CHI '00 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2000

Hand eye coordination patterns in target selection ACM DL Author-ize service
Barton A. Smith, Janet Ho, Wendy Ark, Shumin Zhai
ETRA '00 Proceedings of the 2000 symposium on Eye tracking research & applications, 2000

Maglio, P.,  Matlock, T,. Campbell, C., Zhai, S.,  Smith, B.A, Gaze and Speech in Attentive User Interface,  in  T. Tan, Y. Shi and W Gao (eds) Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 1948 (Proceedings of The third International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces ICMI),  Oct 14-16, 2000, Beijing, China. Springer. pp 1-7.

1999

Performance evaluation of input devices in trajectory-based tasks: an application of the steering law ACM DL Author-ize service
Johnny Accot, Shumin Zhai
CHI '99 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1999, Slides in PDF

Manual and gaze input cascaded (MAGIC) pointing ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai, Carlos Morimoto, Steven Ihde
CHI '99 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1999 Slides in PDF

Zhai, S., Smith., B.A., Multi-Stream Input: An Experimental Study of Document Scrolling MethodsIBM Systems Journal,   Vol  38, No.4, p 642-651.

Zhai, S., Kandogan, E., Smith, B., Selker, T.  In Search of the "Magic Carpet", Design and Experimentation of a 3D Navigation InterfaceJournal of Visual Languages and Computing. Vol 10, No.1, 3-17, February 1999.

Campbell, C., Zhai, S., May, K., Maglio, P. What You Feel Must Be What You See: Adding Tactile Feedback to the Trackpoint,  in  M. Angela Sasse & Chris Johnson (Eds.), Human-Computer InteractionProceedings of INTERACT’99: 7th IFIP conference on Human Computer Interaction, Edinburgh, UK, Aug 30 – Sept 3,  1999. Slides in PDF

Maglio, P., Zhai, S., Campbell, C. S., May, K. W. Smith, B. (1999).  Adding tactile feedback to the Trackpoint: A demonstration of Tractile, in S. Brewster, A. Cawsey, & G. Cockton (Eds.), Human-Computer Interaction -- Proceedings of INTERACT’99, (Vol II), 7th IFIP conference on Human Computer Interaction, IOS Press, pp 93-94.

Morimoto, C.  Koons, D. Amir, A.,  Flickner, M., Zhai, S., Keeping an Eye for HCI, in Proc. SIBGRAPI 1999,  XII Brazilian Symposium on Computer Graphics and Image Processing, 171-176.   
                                  

·        1998

User performance in relation to 3D input device design ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai
ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics, 1998

Manual and cognitive benefits of two-handed input: an experimental study ACM DL Author-ize service
Andrea Leganchuk, Shumin Zhai, William Buxton
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), 1998

Zhai, S., Milgram, P.,  Quantifying Coordination and Its Application to Evaluating 6 DOF Input Devices, Proc. of CHI'98, p320-327. Slides in PDF

Zhai, S., MacKenzie, I.S., Teaching old mice new tricks: Innovations in Computer Mouse Design, Proc. of Ergon-Axia'98 - the First World Congress on Ergonomics for Global Quality and Productivity, p 80-83, Hong Kong, July 8 -11, 1998.

Ark , W, Dryer, D.C, Selker, T., Zhai. S., Representation matters: the effect of 3D objects and a spatial metaphor in a graphical user interface, in H. Johnson, N. Lawrence, C. Roast (Eds), People and Computers XIII, Proc of HCI'98, Springer. pp 209 -219.

Ark , W, Dryer, D.C, Selker, T., Zhai. S., Landmarks to Aid Navigation in a Graphical User Interface, In Proc. of Workshop on Personalized and Social Navigation in Information Space, Stockholm, Sweden, March 6-7, 1998. Slides in PDF

·       1997

Beyond Fitts' law: models for trajectory-based HCI tasks ACM DL Author-ize service

Johnny Accot, Shumin Zhai
CHI '97 Proceedings of the ACM CHI Conference on Human factors in computing systems, 1997
,Slides in PDF

Dual stream input for pointing and scrolling ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai, Barton A. Smith, Ted Selker
CHI EA '97 CHI '97 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems 1997(Late-Breaking/Short Talk),Slides in PDF

An isometric tongue pointing device ACM DL Author-ize service
Chris Salem, Shumin Zhai
CHI '97 Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human factors in computing systems, 1997

Zhai, S., Senders, J.W., Investigating Coordination in Multidegree of Freedom Control I: Time-on-Target analysis of 6 DOF Tracking, Proc. of 41st Annual Meeting of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Sept 22-26, 1997. 1249-1253. Slides in PDF

Zhai, S., Senders, J.W., Investigating Coordination in Multidegree of Freedom Control II: Correlation analysis of 6 DOF Tracking, Proc. of 41st Annual Meeting of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Sept 22-26, 1997. 1254-1258. Slides in PDF

Zhai, S., Smith, B.A., Selker, T., Improving Browsing Performance: A Study of Four Input Devices for Scrolling and Pointing Tasks, Proceedings of INTERACT: the sixth IFIP conference on Human Computer Interaction. 286-292

Zhai, S., Wright, J. Selker, T., Kelin S., Graphical Means of Directing Users’ Attention in the Visual Interface, Proceedings of INTERACT: the sixth IFIP conference on Human Computer Interaction.59-66

Zhai, S., Milgram, P., Rastogi, A., Anisotropic Human Performance in Six Degree-of-Freedom Tracking: A Evaluation of 3D Display and Control InterfacesIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans.Vol.27, No.4, pp 518-528, July 1997.

Spatial Interface Can Facilitate Target Acquisition, Presentation at the 6th WWW Conference Developers day.

Wright, J., Zhai, S., Selker, T., Kelin S., Visual Attention Techniques in the Graphical User Interface, Proceedings of 1997 SPIE/IS&T Conference on Human Vision and Electronic Imaging.   
Salem
, C., Zhai, S., An Isometric Tongue Pointing Device, Proceedings of CHI'97, p538-539. Slides in PDF

·       1996

The partial-occlusion effect: utilizing semitransparency in 3D human-computer interaction ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai
, William Buxton, Paul Milgram
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), 1996

The influence of muscle groups on performance of multiple degree-of-freedom input ACM DL Author-ize service

Shumin Zhai, Paul Milgram, William Buxton
CHI '96 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1996
.Slides in PDF

·       1995

Ph.D. Thesis: Human Performance in Six Degree of Freedom Input Control , University of Toronto, 1995.

Merging Real and Virtual Worlds , IMAGINA'95.

·       1994

The “Silk Cursor”: investigating transparency for 3D target acquisition ACM DL Author-ize service
Shumin Zhai
, William Buxton, Paul Milgram
CHI '94 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1994
. Slides in PDF

 

Input techniques for HCI in 3D environments ACM DL Author-ize service

Shumin Zhai, Paul Milgram
CHI '94 Conference Companion on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1994

 

Input Techniques for 3-D Environments, CHI'94.

Asymmetrical Spatial Accuracy in 3D Tracking , HFES'94.

Experimental Investigations of 6 Degree-of-Freedom Controllers , IEA'94.

·       1993

Virtual reality for palmtop computers ACM DL Author-ize service

George W. Fitzmaurice, Shumin Zhai, Mark H. Chignell

ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS), 1993

 

 An evaluation of four 6 degree-of-freedom input techniques ACM DL Author-ize service

Shumin Zhai, Paul Milgram, David Drascic

CHI '93 and INTERACT '93 Conference Companion on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1993

ARGOS: a display system for augmenting reality ACM DL Author-ize service

David Drascic, Julius J. Grodski, Paul Milgram, Ken Ruffo, Peter Wong, Shumin Zhai
Proceedings of the INTERACT '93 and CHI '93 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1993

 

From Icons to Interface Models: Designing Hypermedia from the Bottom Up , International Journal of Man-machine Studies, Vol.39 (1993)453-472.

 

Investigation of Feel for 6DOF Inputs: Isometric and Elastic Rate Control for Manipulation in 3D Environments , HFES'93.

Human Performance Evaluation of Isometric and Elastic Rate Controllers in a 6 DOF Tracking Task , SPIE Telemanipulation'93.

Human Performance Evaluation of Manipulation Schemes in Virtual Environment ,VRAIS'93.

  Applications of Augmented Reality for Human-Robot Communication , IROS'93

 

·       1992

Human-Robot Synergy and Virtual Telerobotic Control , HFAC'92.

 

·       1991

A Telerobotic Virtual Control System , SPIE '91 Space Robotics.

An Information Structural Model of Vehicle Navigation and Implications , IEEE VNIS'91

 

·       1990

Task Network Modelling of Human Performance in a Response Conflict Task , HFAC'90.

 

·       1982 –1990:  publications in Chinese academic journals

 

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